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Parnassus - Nicola Poussin. 145x197
On the canvas in the guise of the ancient poet Homer crowned with laurels, Jambattista Marino, the patron saint Poussin (1594-1665). The hero, with a book in his hand, kneels before Apollo, presenting his compositions to him and gratefully accepting the offered cup. In a circle they are surrounded by nymphs and poets, because the mountain Parnassus in Greek mythology, a place where inspiration and art live. Many characters hold various musical instruments and theater masks in their hands. In the center of the picture lies the naked nymph Castalia, who, according to legend, turned into a stream to avoid the persecution of Apollo. Two cupids sit at the source and hold present bowls with Castapian water, which gives inspiration to talented people. Intonation of fun is brought into the work by images of fluttering angels holding laurel wreaths in their hands.
The composition of this multi-figured canvas was borrowed by the artist from Raphael’s fresco “Parnassus” which the illustrious Italian created for the Sistine Chapel. Poussin almost exactly copied the arrangement of figures, and strict vertical trees, and even color ratios. The circular composition and perfectly crafted folds on the poets' poets indicate the presence in the painting of the master of the traditions of the Italian Renaissance. The colorful saturation of the work speaks of the influence of Titian's creativity on Poussin.