Museums and Art

Why is a museum called a museum?

Why is a museum called a museum?

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Centuries have passed. Both Museyon and the Alexandria Library disappeared from the face of the Earth. During the battle with the townspeople, a fire broke out, part of the priceless papyrus died in the fire. Caesar sent many scrolls to Rome as war trophies, but the ship with them, having fallen in a storm, sank. And in the IV century. AD the remains of the book collection died during religious clashes between Christians and supporters of pagan beliefs.

However, according to contemporaries, in Museyon there were also collections of a different kind: large collections of all sorts of wonders - tusks of elephants, skeletons of rare animals, sea shells ... They were brought to the "academic town" from different lands and carefully stored. Why not a museum collection! True, it was intended mainly for members of the Museyon.

But almost certainly it was possible to inspect them and other people, for example, distinguished guests who arrived in Alexandria. And, without any doubt, the Egyptian kings from the Ptolemaic dynasty were familiar with these collections of rarities. Already in those ancient times, people understood that there are such objects that need to be stored and collected, and then used for scientific purposes. Or just wonder and admire them. That is why from Museyon happened word museum, now included in almost all the languages ​​of the world. So the history of modern museums is very old. But its origins lead not only to the Alexandrian Museyon.

Watch the video: Learning in the Museum: A History of Museums and Museum Education (August 2022).